Christine Cox

Posts tagged ‘calligraphy’

6th Century: Numbered “Signatures”

Books, Miniatures, Writing and Supports
(Timeline Project)

From at least the 6th century – Quire (what binders today call a signature/section/gathering) numerals added, either at time of writing manuscript or immediately after, to aid assembly for binding – usually in center of lower margin of either 1st or last page of each quire.

This post is part of an ongoing series on books, miniatures, writing and supports since the year 1. Please consider it a kick-start for your own private timeline and a springboard for further research. See my blog for the rest of the series.

2016vaexclamation300

Bookbinding, Metalsmithing and Glass
We have the tools and supplies you need for your projects and classes
www.volcanoarts.com

6th Century: Insular Majuscule

Books, Miniatures, Writing and Supports
(Timeline Project)

6th c—Insular Majuscule developed in Ireland from Half-Uncial; innovations include ligatures, creative stretching and shaping of letters and wedged or triangular serifs. Pen held almost horizontally.

For less important material and for glosses, Irish scribes developed Insular miniscule; included ascenders, descenders and serifs. Pen was held diagonally for speed.

This post is part of an ongoing series on books, miniatures, writing and supports since the year 1. Please consider it a kick-start for your own private timeline and a springboard for further research. See my blog for the rest of the series.

2016vaexclamation300

Bookbinding, Metalsmithing and Glass
We have the tools and supplies you need for your projects and classes
www.volcanoarts.com

6th Century: Uncial and Half-Uncial

Books, Miniatures, Writing and Supports
(Timeline Project)

By the 6th century—Uncial script (majuscule) becoming highly artificialized and Half-Uncial beginning to take on characteristics of lowercase letters; more ascenders and descenders. Half-Uncial begins to flourish and remains popular until 9th century.

Find out more on Wikipedia: Uncial.

This post is part of an ongoing series on books, miniatures, writing and supports since the year 1. Please consider it a kick-start for your own private timeline and a springboard for further research. See my blog for the rest of the series.

2016vaexclamation300

Bookbinding, Metalsmithing and Glass
We have the tools and supplies you need for your projects and classes
www.volcanoarts.com

5th Century: Uncial Spreads with Christianity

Books, Miniatures, Writing and Supports
(Timeline Project)

From the 5th century on—For important works, Uncial became the major script of Western Europe as it spread with Christianity

Here’s my previous post on this topic

This post is part of an ongoing series on books, miniatures, writing and supports since the year 1. Please consider it a kick-start for your own private timeline and a springboard for further research. See my blog for the rest of the series.

 

 

5th Century: Lamp Black Ink

Books, Miniatures, Writing and Supports
(Timeline Project)

Some time around year 400 – Chinese develop lamp black ink. Soot was collected from oil lamps and mixed with gum as carbon by itself doesn’t stick to paper. Asian papers weren’t sized as the ink was too thick to be absorbed. (sizing makes paper less absorbent). The ink was stored in block form.

This post is part of an ongoing series on books, miniatures, writing and supports since the year 1. Please consider it a kick-start for your own private timeline and a springboard for further research. See my blog for the rest of the series.

4th Century: Bamboo Slips to Paper in China

Books, Miniatures, Writing and Supports
(Timeline Project)

By the 4th c – Paper has replaced bamboo and wooden slips as writing support in China

This post is part of an ongoing series on books, miniatures, writing and supports since the year 1. Please consider it a kick-start for your own private timeline and a springboard for further research. See my blog for the rest of the series.

4th Century: First Signed Illuminations

Books, Miniatures, Writing and Supports
(Timeline Project)

Year 354—First illumination work with known artist name: Roman calendar now called Chronography of 354 — Furius Dionysius Filocalus wrote the titles.

This post is part of an ongoing series on books, miniatures, writing and supports since the year 1. Please consider it a kick-start for your own private timeline and a springboard for further research. See my blog for the rest of the series.

 

4th Century: Latin Vulgate Translation

Books, Miniatures, Writing and Supports
(Timeline Project)


Malmesbury Bible

382 to 404 – Latin Vulgate Christian Bible translation (from Greek to Latin) commissioned by Pope Damasus I (both testaments). Translated and written by Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus (St. Jerome). Written in Uncial script. (This version was used for over 1,000 years and was the Bible of the Dark Ages)

There’s an excellent article on the Latin Vulgate in Wikipedia

This post is part of an ongoing series on books, miniatures, writing and supports since the year 1. Please consider it a kick-start for your own private timeline and a springboard for further research. See my blog for the rest of the series.

(photo by Adrian Pingstone) Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bible.malmesbury.arp.jpg#/media/File:Bible.malmesbury.arp.jpg

4th Century: The Romans Are Out

Books, Miniatures, Writing and Supports
(Timeline Project)

Trajan's Column Inscription

By the 4th century—Roman Rustic and Roman Square Capital scripts were only used for manuscript titles. As yet unnamed uncial was primary text script.

This post is part of an ongoing series on books, miniatures, writing and supports since the year 1. Please consider it a kick-start for your own private timeline and a springboard for further research. See my blog for the rest of the series.

4th Century: Codex Sinaiticus

Books, Miniatures, Writing and Supports
(Timeline Project)

sinaiticus

4th century – One of the oldest known versions of a complete New Testament: Codex Sinaiticus. This is the earliest known use of iron-gall ink, which fades to brown over time – a mixture of tannin from nut galls and iron sulfate – sometimes carbon black was added for a dense black ink. Written in Greek Uncial in scriptio continua (no separations between words) in 4 columns on parchment. The main text hand is ~4mm high. It is no longer in its binding and is distributed over 4 institutions.

This post is part of an ongoing series on books, miniatures, writing and supports since the year 1. Please consider it a kick-start for your own private timeline and a springboard for further research. See my blog for the rest of the series.

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