Christine Cox

Archive for the ‘Calligraphy and Illumination’ Category

6th c.: Bookbinding Timeline

rabula gospels

Books, Miniatures, Writing and Supports
(Timeline Project)

586 – Earliest dated illuminated MS – Rabbula Gospels (Beth Zagba, Syria)

This post is part of an ongoing series on books, miniatures, writing and supports since the year 1. Please consider it a kick-start for your own private timeline and a springboard for further research. See my blog for the rest of the series.

 

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Bookbinding, Metalsmithing and Glass
We have the tools and supplies you need for your projects and classes
www.volcanoarts.com

 

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6th Century: Numbered “Signatures”

Books, Miniatures, Writing and Supports
(Timeline Project)

From at least the 6th century – Quire (what binders today call a signature/section/gathering) numerals added, either at time of writing manuscript or immediately after, to aid assembly for binding – usually in center of lower margin of either 1st or last page of each quire.

This post is part of an ongoing series on books, miniatures, writing and supports since the year 1. Please consider it a kick-start for your own private timeline and a springboard for further research. See my blog for the rest of the series.

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Bookbinding, Metalsmithing and Glass
We have the tools and supplies you need for your projects and classes
www.volcanoarts.com

6th Century: Insular Majuscule

Books, Miniatures, Writing and Supports
(Timeline Project)

6th c—Insular Majuscule developed in Ireland from Half-Uncial; innovations include ligatures, creative stretching and shaping of letters and wedged or triangular serifs. Pen held almost horizontally.

For less important material and for glosses, Irish scribes developed Insular miniscule; included ascenders, descenders and serifs. Pen was held diagonally for speed.

This post is part of an ongoing series on books, miniatures, writing and supports since the year 1. Please consider it a kick-start for your own private timeline and a springboard for further research. See my blog for the rest of the series.

2016vaexclamation300

Bookbinding, Metalsmithing and Glass
We have the tools and supplies you need for your projects and classes
www.volcanoarts.com

6th Century: Uncial and Half-Uncial

Books, Miniatures, Writing and Supports
(Timeline Project)

By the 6th century—Uncial script (majuscule) becoming highly artificialized and Half-Uncial beginning to take on characteristics of lowercase letters; more ascenders and descenders. Half-Uncial begins to flourish and remains popular until 9th century.

Find out more on Wikipedia: Uncial.

This post is part of an ongoing series on books, miniatures, writing and supports since the year 1. Please consider it a kick-start for your own private timeline and a springboard for further research. See my blog for the rest of the series.

2016vaexclamation300

Bookbinding, Metalsmithing and Glass
We have the tools and supplies you need for your projects and classes
www.volcanoarts.com

6th Century: Chinese Characters in Japan

Books, Miniatures, Writing and Supports
(Timeline Project)

By the 6th century – Chinese characters introduced to Japan by Buddhists.

From Wikipedia: “The Japanese language had no written form at the time Chinese characters were introduced, and texts were written and read only in Chinese. Later, during the Heian period (794–1185), however, a system known as kanbun emerged, which involved using Chinese text with diacritical marks to allow Japanese speakers to restructure and read Chinese sentences, by changing word order and adding particles and verb endings, in accordance with the rules of Japanese grammar.”

This is part of an ongoing series on books, miniatures, writing and supports since the year 1. Please consider it a kick-start for your own private timeline and a springboard for further research. See The Muse for the rest of the series.

 

 

2016vaexclamation300

Bookbinding, Metalsmithing and Glass
We have the tools and supplies you need for your projects and classes
www.volcanoarts.com

 

Gothic Script

Gothic, I will tell you candidly
I loathe you paleographically
Your thick strokes and nonexistent thins
Offspring of the Carolingians

Into the seventeenth century
The scribes wielded you like weaponry
You’re as measured as a picket fence
And your letterforms are just too dense
–Christine Cox

To show that Gothic script could be fatiguing to read, medieval scribes invented this joke sentence:

mimi numinum niuium minimi munium nimium uini muniminum imminui uiui minimum uolunt

“The snow gods’ smallest mimes do not wish in any way in their lives for the great duty of the defenses of wine to be diminished.”

5th Century: Regional Differences Growing in Roman Script

Books, Miniatures, Writing and Supports
(Timeline Project)

By the 5th century – With the breakup of the Roman Empire, there were growing regional differences to the new Roman cursive script including ascenders and descenders and numerous joins in ligatures between letters. Many letters were precursors to the lowercase forms we use today.

Look what I ran across in an old journal
(Sssh, I’m having a moment here)

learningbycentury

The journal entry that started the Timeline Project

This post is part of an ongoing series on books, miniatures, writing and supports since the year 1. Please consider it a kick-start for your own private timeline and a springboard for further research. See my blog for the rest of the series.

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